With the skyrocketing costs of medical care and nursing homes, few people can afford to pay out of pocket costs to live in a long term care facility in their later years and most will eventually need to qualify for Medicaid to do so. Medicaid has essentially become the default funding source for for nursing home care and the long-term care insurance of the middle class in the United States.
Sources estimate that up to two-thirds of nursing home patients are covered by Medicaid, which was created to act as a safety net to the country’s poorest citizens. The definition of who qualifies as poor under Medicaid varies from state to state. In New York, individuals may only have up to $15,150 “countable assets” such as cash, stocks, bonds, investments, vacation homes, and savings and checking accounts to qualify for institutional or nursing home care. The spouse of the individual applying for Medicaid is allowed to have $123,600 in assets.
Certain assets are not counted towards these eligibility requirements. Some of the most important exemptions are the individual’s personal possessions like clothing and furniture, a single motor vehicle used for transportation, and the individual’s principal residence as long as he or she intends to return there at some point. For those over income an asset limits, New York does offer a variety of programs to help individuals qualify for Medicaid benefits.